Businesses Virginia Tax


Requesting the extensions electronically through tax preparation software that supports the electronic filing of the Louisiana Application for Extension to File Corporation Income and Franchise Tax. Learn more about which forms you need with our small business tax preparation checklist. Many small businesses, especially those that are still in their infancy and struggling to make a profit, can’t afford to miss a tax payment. The IRS charges penalties that progressively increase, depending on how many days it is late. What’s more, employers may be hit with civil or criminal sanctions if the IRS believes that they acted willfully in neglecting to pay their taxes. The process for paying and reporting state payroll taxes vary by location.


Pay online using your credit or debit card through IRS Direct Pay. Suzanne received a Bachelor’s Degree in Finance and has worked as a journalist for over a decade. She works as a fact-checker on a variety of financial topics for The Balance and Investopedia. For additional information, refer to Employment Taxes for Small Businesses.

What’s the tax rate if you’re not a C-corp?

Learn how to do a general calculation to find out just how much you might have to pay in estimated taxes and when you’re required to pay them. Self-employment tax is a social security and Medicare tax primarily for individuals who work for themselves. Your payments of SE tax contribute to your coverage under the social security system. Social security coverage provides you with retirement benefits, disability benefits, survivor benefits, and hospital insurance benefits. Hopefully you’re not tired yet, because we haven’t even touched on employment taxes. So far, calculating small-business taxes hasn’t been super difficult (if you’ve been on the struggle bus, you could use some tax help).

How do you calculate small business taxes?

A C-corp simply applies the corporate tax rate of 21% to its taxable income. For example, if the company has taxable income of $100,000, the tax due would be $21,000 ($100,000 x 21%).

For pass-through businesses, it’s not quite as simple. Pass-through business owners pay tax on all their taxable income, including their share of business profits. Federal income tax rates for individuals are progressive, meaning the higher your income, the higher your marginal tax rate will be.

For example, using the 2022 tax brackets above, if a single taxpayer had total taxable income of $100,000, they would pay:

10% on the first $10,275 = $1,028

12% on the next $31,500 = $3,780

22% on the next $47,300 = $10,406

24% on the last $10,925 = $2,622

Their total tax liability would be $17,836.

As an taxpayer, and as a business owner, you generally can complete a taxable transaction by multiple methods, choosing whichever results in the lowest legal tax liability. While tax avoidance is expected, tax evasion—reducing tax through deceit or concealment—is not. If your business owns real estate, you’ll have to pay property taxes to the city or county where the property is located.

Divide into quarterly payments

Most small business owners must report their business income and pay their business income taxes with their personal tax returns. Most businesses must file and pay federal taxes on any income earned or received during the year. Partnerships, however, file an annual information return but don’t pay income taxes.


Generally, you must pay taxes on income, including self-employment tax , by making regular payments of estimated tax during the year. For additional information, refer to Estimated Taxes. If you are married, it’s possible to run the calculations more than one way to decide what would result in the lowest household tax liability. Run the numbers as married filing jointly, as well as for filing separately, and then see which will lead to less money paid in taxes total.

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